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Load Shedding in Nepal: Causes and Solutions

Saturday, May 05, 2012
After six years of the start of 2000 millennium i.e. on 2006, Nepal was struck with load shedding problems as the electricity demand continued to increase.  Even worse was on the following years as the nature played bad game at some parts of the country with flood and landslides resulting in the interruption of power supply.
At present time, every citizens of Nepal is familiar with the word ‘load shedding’.  The reason was and still is the power cut off by the Nepal Electricity Authority (NEA) to the maximum of 16 hours per day on dry seasons. To manage this crisis, NEA started to plan for the availability or unavailability of electricity to its customers with the load shedding schedule. However, the routine is fairly provided with the equal supply to all considering exceptions for industrial areas.

The overall blame for the load shedding problem does not point to the present government of Nepal. Instead, it was the result of previous government and the related authorities. Because, in my opinion, the period for construction of hydropower plants usually takes minimum of 3 years (rough guess).

Looking at the present load shedding problem, the situation would be even worse if the people in rural areas do not rely on the firewood. The chart from the fiscal year 2007/08 below shows that only 2.04 % of total energy consumption is occupied by electricity, 75.06 % by firewood and rest by other energy sources.


Causes of load shedding
  1. Higher electricity demand than the supply
  2. Incomplete hydro power projects
  3. Political instability
  4. Under efficiency of NEA
  5. Natural calamities
Solutions to load shedding
  1. Overcoming all the above causes except the last one.
  2. Gravitational Vortex Power (GVP) as proposed by Peter McKenzie-Brown
  3. Installation of solar plants

Conclusion
Despite the promise made by Nepal Electricity Authority to overcome the load shedding, the time has came for all Nepalese to get united on solving the problems directed by the Nepal Government rather than spending time on criticizing others. For this, rational and acceptable plans need to be developed for the making of new Nepal..

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